terça-feira, 26 de março de 2013

13. Food waste

From VOA Learning English, welcome to Agriculture in Special English. How much1 of the world's food is going to waste3? The Institution of Mechanical Engineers4 released a report5 that says as much as half6 of all food is wasted7.

The Britain-based group says that must change8 if the world is to feed9 its growing10 population. Every year the world produces about 4 billion tons11 of food. The report says that between12 one third13 and one half14 of it goes to waste.

 It says that in Southeast Asian15 countries, between 37 and 80 percent of all rice production16 is lost17. Colin Brown helped write the report for the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. He says a lot of rice is lost because of18 the way19 it is harvested20, stored21 and transported.

The developed world22 also wastes food23. The report says more efficient farming methods24 ensure25 that more food reaches26 markets. Still27, Colin Brown says millions of tons of food are thrown away28 because it is past its sell-by date29 or for other reasons30.

He says a lot of food is thrown away because it no longer looks good31, and not because it is no longer good to eat32. A spokesman33 for a group that represents supermarkets in Britain34 says the big food stores35 are not to blame36.

He says they are only following37 European Union marketing rules38. The stores have been pushing39 for an easing40 of those rules41. He says that in 2009, stores succeeded42 in getting a number of rules43 relaxed. Many aid44 organizations welcomed45 the report.

They say it shows how much food is being wasted at a time when millions of people do not get enough to eat46. The group Save the Children47 says there is enough food in the world to feed every child. Yet48, 2.3 million children die49 every year as a result of hunger50. For VOA Learning English, I'm Laurel Bowman.(Adapted from a radio program broadcast 05Feb2013)


01. How much = quanto
02. world's food = comida do mundo
03. is going to waste = está indo para o lixo
04. Mechanical Engineers = Engenheiros mecanicos
05. released a report = lançaram um relatório
06. as much as half = aproximadamente metade
07. wasted = desperdiçado(a)
08. must change = deve mudra
09. feed = alimentar
10. growing = em crescimento
11. tons = toneladas
12. between = entre (duas coisas)
13. one third = um terço
14. one half = uma metade
15. Southeast Asian = sudeste asiático
16. rice production = produção de arroz
17. lost = perdido(a)
18. because of = por causa de
19. way = forma
20. harvested = colhido(a)
21. stored = armazenado(a)
22. developed world = mundo desenvolvido
23. wastes food = desperdiça comida
24. farming methods = métodos agrícolas
25. ensure = assegurar
26. reaches = alcance, chegue a
27. Still = ainda assim
28. thrown away = jogado fora
29. it is past its sell-by date = passou da validade
30. other reasons = outras razões
31. no longer looks good = não mais parece boa
32. it is no longer good to eat = não é mais boa para comer
33. spokesman = porta-voz
34. Britain = Grã Bretanha
35. food stores = lojas de comida
36. are not to blame = não são culpadas
37. only following = apenas seguindo
38. marketing rules = regras de mercado
39. have been pushing = tem sido pressionadas
40. easing = relaxamento
41. rules = regras
42. succeeded = tiveram sucesso
43. a number of rules = uma série de regras
44. aid = ajuda, auxílio
45. welcomed = receber bem ,dar as boas vindas
46. do not get enough to eat = não conseguem o suficiente para comer
47. Save the Children = Salve as crianças
48. Yet = Porém
49. Die = morrem
50. As a result of hunger = como resultado da fome