segunda-feira, 28 de janeiro de 2013

05. Killer robots

An international rights group1 has called on world governments to ban2 weaponized robots3. Human Rights4 Watch5 recently released a report6 called7, "Losing Humanity: The Case against8 Killer Robots." It warns9 that fully10 autonomous weapons11 systems could increase the risk12 to civilians13 during14 armed conflicts.

Militaries around the world15 are using Unmanned16 Aerial Vehicles17, also called “drones”, more and more18. The drones gather19 intelligence, help identify targets20, and fire21 weapons, but only if a human operator gives the order.

Human Rights Watch fears that22 within23 30 years developments24 in technology could remove the need25 for human operators. David Mepham is the United Kingdom26 director of Human Rights Watch. He says his group is concerned27 that robots will not be able28 to tell29 the difference between30 civilians and combatants.

The United States and other militaries have stated31 they have no plans to remove human supervision over32 the decision to use deadly33 force. Human Rights Watch says a treaty34 would help to guarantee35 that this does not happen36. The group says a ban on what it calls "killer robots" would be similar to37 current38 bans on the use of landmines39 and cluster bombs40.

Some experts41 say that all autonomous technology should be discussed42. For example, France sent43 remote-controlled robots to Japan last year to help contain44 the nuclear disaster45 at the Fukushima power center46. This was a job47 that most people would agree48 was better left to machines49. For VOA Learning English, I'm Alex Villarreal.



1.   international rights group = Grupo de direitos internacionais
2.   ban = banir, proibir
3.   weaponized robots robôs transformados em arma
4.   Human Rights = Direitos Humanos
5.   Watch = Vigilância
6.   released a report = Lançou um relatório
7.   called = chamado
8.   against = contra
9.   warns = alerta
10.  fully = totalmente
11.  weapons = armas, armamentos
12.  could increase the risk = poderia aumentar o risco
13.  civilians = civis
14.  during = durante
15.  around the world = ao redor do mundo
16.  Unmanned = não tripulados
17.  Aerial Vehicles = Veículos aéreos
18.  more and more = Cada vez mais
19.  gather = reunem, juntam
20.  identify targets = identificar alvos
21.  fire = disparar
22.  fears that = teme que
23.  within = dentro de (espaço de tempo)
24.  developments = desenvolvimentos
25.  need = necessidade
26.  United Kingdom = Reino Unido
27.  Concerned = preocupado
28.  will not be able = não serão capazes
29.  tell = distinguir
30.  between = entre
31.  have stated = tem declarado
32.  over = sobre
33.  deadly = fatal
34.  treaty = tratado
35.  guarantee = garantir
36.  happen = acontecer
37.  similar to = semelhante a
38.  current = atual
39.  landmines = minas terrestres
40.  cluster bombs = bombas de fragmentação
41.  experts = especialistas
42.  should be discussed = deveria ser discutido(a)
43.  sent = enviou
44.  contain = conter, controlar
45.  nuclear disaster = desastre nuclear
46.  power center = usina de energia
47.  job = trabalho
48.  would agree = concordaria
49.  was better left to machines = era melhor ser deixado para as máquinas